The effect of hemodialysis on protein metabolism. A leucine kinetic study

J Clin Invest. 1993 Jun;91(6):2429-36. doi: 10.1172/JCI116477.

Abstract

To assess the effect of hemodialysis on protein metabolism, leucine flux was measured in seven patients before, during, and after high efficiency hemodialysis using cuprophane dialyzers and bicarbonate dialysate during a primed-constant infusion of L-[1-13C]leucine. The kinetics [mumol/kg per h, mean +/- SD] are as follows: leucine appearance into the plasma leucine pool was 86 +/- 28, 80 +/- 28, and 85 +/- 25, respectively, before, during, and after dialysis. Leucine appearance into the whole body leucine pool, derived from plasma [1-13C]alpha-ketoisocaproate enrichment, was 118 +/- 31, 118 +/- 31, and 114 +/- 28 before, during, and after dialysis, respectively. In the absence of leucine intake, appearance rate reflects protein degradation, which was clearly unaffected by dialysis. Leucine oxidation rate was 17.3 +/- 7.8 before, decreased to 13.8 +/- 7.8 during, and increased to 18.9 +/- 10.3 after dialysis (P = 0.027). Leucine protein incorporation was 101 +/- 26 before, was reduced to 89 +/- 23 during, and returned to 95 +/- 23 after dialysis (P = 0.13). Leucine net balance, the difference between leucine protein incorporation and leucine release from endogenous degradation, was -17.3 +/- 7.8 before, decreased to -28.5 +/- 11.0 during, and returned to -18.9 +/- 10.3 after dialysis (P < 0.0001). This markedly more negative leucine balance during dialysis was accountable by dialysate leucine loss, which was 14.4 +/- 6.2 mumol/kg per h. These data suggest that hemodialysis using a cuprophane membrane did not acutely induce protein degradation. It was, nevertheless, a net catabolic event because protein synthesis was reduced and amino acid was lost into the dialysate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bicarbonates / metabolism
  • Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Keto Acids / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Leucine / blood
  • Leucine / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Renal Dialysis*

Substances

  • Bicarbonates
  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Keto Acids
  • Proteins
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • alpha-ketoisocaproic acid
  • Leucine