Bedside polysomnography as an adjunct in the management of infants with Robin sequence

Plast Reconstr Surg. 1993 Jul;92(1):23-7. doi: 10.1097/00006534-199307000-00003.


Objective indications for tongue-lip adhesion in infants with Robin sequence have been lacking because of the difficulty in assessing the clinical significance of airway obstruction. In 1988, we began to use 20-hour, four-channel polysomnography to assist us in the management of infants with Robin sequence. The four channels included electrocardiogram, respiratory motion, airflow, and oxygen saturation. Infants demonstrating significant episodes of airway obstruction during sleep were recommended for tongue-lip adhesion. Fifteen infants with Robin sequence were evaluated during a 3-year period. Two babies were having severe, clinically obvious events on admission and underwent tongue-lip adhesion without polysomnography. Polysomnography was done on the other 13 infants. No significant events were seen in 7 infants, and they were discharged after a mean hospitalization of 8 days. Six studies documented significant airway obstruction, and tongue-lip adhesion was recommended. Follow-up polysomnography performed after successful tongue-lip adhesion failed to show any significant events, and the infants only required hospitalization for a mean of 12 days. We conclude that polysomnography is a useful adjunct in the management of infants with Robin sequence, providing objective indications for surgical intervention and shortening hospitalization.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lip / surgery*
  • Pierre Robin Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Pierre Robin Syndrome / surgery
  • Polysomnography*
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / diagnosis*
  • Tongue / surgery*