Arterial ketone body ratio and glucose administration as an energy substrate in relation to changes in ketone body concentration after living-related liver transplantation in children

Transplantation. 1993 Jun;55(6):1314-9. doi: 10.1097/00007890-199306000-00020.


Changes in the arterial ketone body ratio (AKBR [acetoacetate/3-hydroxybutyrate]), which reflect the redox state of the liver mitochondria (NAD+/NADH), as well as those in total ketone body concentration (TKB) and blood glucose level were studied in 30 living-related liver transplantations (LRLT) performed in pediatric patients at Kyoto University Hospital from June 1990 to January 1992. AKBR increased to over 1.0 within 6 hr after reperfusion of the graft in 11 cases (37%), within 12 hr in 7 (23%), on POD 1 in 8 (27%), and on POD 2 in the remaining 4 cases (13%). TKB significantly increased while AKBR remained below 0.7 (266 +/- 40 mumol/L), but it significantly decreased in accordance with the recovery of AKBR above 1.0 (61 +/- 6 mumol/L). This indicates the change in the predominant energy substrate for hepatic mitochondria from fatty acid to glucose during the AKBR recovery process. In 6 cases, the AKBR transiently decreased to below 1.0 after initial recovery concomitant with the fall in blood glucose level and the increase in TKB. However, the AKBR was rapidly restored to over 1.0 again immediately after the glucose administration was increased. This suggests that glucose administration to maintain blood glucose level between 150 and 250 mg/dl is essential for the AKBR recovery above 1.0 that accompanies the normalization of graft metabolic functions, and that, along with the postoperative minimal increase in serum enzymes and favorable outcome of the transplant with no incidence of a primary nonfunctioning graft, the prompt and successful recovery of AKBR reflects the expected high viability of the graft in our LRLT cases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Alanine Transaminase / blood
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
  • Bilirubin / blood
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Ketone Bodies / blood*
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
  • Liver Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Mitochondria, Liver / metabolism
  • Time Factors


  • Blood Glucose
  • Ketone Bodies
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Alanine Transaminase
  • Bilirubin