Methods for urinary testosterone analysis

J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1995 Sep 15;671(1-2):363-80. doi: 10.1016/0378-4347(95)00062-n.


Urinary testosterone analysis requires a multistep procedure to achieve a good degree of sensitivity and specificity in the dosage. Hydrolysis, extraction, purification and quantification are usually performed in sequence, and several options can be chosen for each of them. After introductory remarks on the applications of urinary testosterone measurement and a short description of the metabolic pathway of the hormone, an overview of the techniques most commonly used in each step is presented. Advantages and disadvantages of each of them are outlined, and a procedure for urinary testosterone analysis is suggested. The procedure consists of: enzymatic hydrolysis with Helix pomatia juice, followed by solid-phase extraction of hydrolyzed urine by a C18 cartridge coupled with an NH2 cartridge and high-performance liquid chromatography cleanup of the extract. Then, quantification can be achieved by gas chromatography or radioimmunoassay.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, Affinity / methods
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Testosterone / metabolism
  • Testosterone / urine*


  • Testosterone