ACP1 and human adaptability. 1. Association with common diseases: a case-control study

Hum Genet. 1995 Dec;96(6):629-37. doi: 10.1007/BF00210290.


Human red cell acid phosphatase (ACP1) is a polymorphic enzyme closely related to cytosolic low molecular weight acid phosphatases, a protein family broadly conserved among eukaryotes. Two different functions have been proposed for ACP1: flavin mononucleotide (FMN) phosphatase and phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTPase). Given that genetic variants of ACP1 activity are common, the enzyme could have a role in regulating a large spectrum of cellular functions and, in turn, disease susceptibility. In the present paper we report a study of ACP1 genetic polymorphism in 1088 normal subjects and in 1267 subjects from the population of Rome admitted to hospital for a number of common diseases. All ACP1 parameters investigated show highly significant differences among samples, suggesting that the enzyme may have a significant role in some of the diseases considered. In particular, consistent associations of ACP1 with developmental disturbances and with hemolytic favism have been observed. In the majority of diseases showing association with ACP1, only one of the two ACP1 isoforms, f and s, is involved, supporting the hypothesis of a functional differentiation between the two enzymatic fractions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Habitual / genetics
  • Acid Phosphatase / blood*
  • Acid Phosphatase / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Erythrocytes / enzymology*
  • Favism / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn / enzymology
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn / genetics*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Isoenzymes / blood
  • Isoenzymes / genetics
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Pregnancy
  • Reference Values


  • Isoenzymes
  • Acid Phosphatase