Multiconformational composite molecular potential fields in the analysis of drug action. I. Methodology and first evaluation using 5-HT and histamine action as examples

J Comput Aided Mol Des. 1995 Aug;9(4):297-307. doi: 10.1007/BF00125171.

Abstract

The quality of molecular electrostatic maps generated by non-quantum mechanical methods has been improved using extended electron distributions. Further simplification has been achieved by distilling these maps down to their energy extrema. A new means of defining surface interaction has been added and the resulting composite map has been plotted for a limited number of low-lying conformers of a series of agonists and antagonists of the H2 and H3 receptors and 5-HT1A and 5-HT1D receptors. The results from the cross-comparison of these maps indicate their ability to distinguish the specific receptor. Interesting consequences of the method are that structural overlay is irrelevant, that several conformations may contribute to the overall binding pattern and that lesser pharmacological activities may be deduced from the results.

MeSH terms

  • Computer-Aided Design*
  • Drug Design*
  • Electrochemistry
  • Histamine / chemistry*
  • Histamine / pharmacology*
  • Histamine Agonists / chemistry
  • Histamine Agonists / pharmacology
  • Histamine Antagonists / chemistry
  • Histamine Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Serotonin / chemistry*
  • Serotonin / pharmacology*
  • Serotonin Antagonists / chemistry
  • Serotonin Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists / chemistry
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists / pharmacology

Substances

  • Histamine Agonists
  • Histamine Antagonists
  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists
  • Serotonin
  • Histamine