Salmonella mycotic aneurysm of the aortic arch: case report and review

Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Sep;21(3):523-8. doi: 10.1093/clinids/21.3.523.


Salmonella mycotic aneurysms of the thoracic aorta are exceedingly rare. We describe what we believe is only the third reported case involving the aortic arch. The patient was treated with surgical intervention and a prolonged course of antibiotics, which resulted in long-term survival. We review 13 previously reported cases of salmonella mycotic aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. The overall outcome was abysmal, with 10 of 13 patients dying within 1 month after the diagnosis was made. We discuss the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnostic approach, and management (including surgical intervention and duration of antibiotic therapy) of this condition on the basis of the findings in these cases.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aneurysm, Infected / diagnosis
  • Aneurysm, Infected / etiology*
  • Aneurysm, Infected / therapy
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnosis
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / etiology*
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / therapy
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / complications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Salmonella Infections / diagnosis
  • Salmonella Infections / etiology*
  • Salmonella Infections / therapy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents