Comparison of pantoprazole versus omeprazole in the treatment of acute duodenal ulceration--a multicentre study

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1995 Aug;9(4):411-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.1995.tb00399.x.

Abstract

Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, multicentre study, the proton pump inhibitors pantoprazole and omeprazole were compared in patients with active duodenal ulcers. Two hundred and seventy-six protocol-correct patients received either pantoprazole 40 mg (n = 185) or omeprazole 20 mg (n = 91), once daily for 2 or 4 weeks, depending on the progress of ulcer healing.

Results: Rates of complete ulcer healing after 2 weeks were 71% in patients given pantoprazole and 74% in patients given omeprazole. After 4 weeks the figures were 96% and 91%, respectively. These differences were not significant. There was no significant difference in ulcer pain prior to treatment, and 85% of the pantoprazole group and 86% on omeprazole were pain-free after 2 weeks (not significant). The time until complete pain relief with pantoprazole or omeprazole, based on data from diary cards, was not significantly different (P > 0.05, Uleman's U-test). Both treatments were equally well tolerated. Changes in routine laboratory parameters were minimal in both groups.

Conclusion: Pantoprazole was shown to be a highly-effective and well-tolerated treatment for acute duodenal ulcer. Pantoprazole 40 mg and omeprazole 20 mg were equally effective with respect to ulcer healing and pain relief, and have similar adverse event profiles.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • 2-Pyridinylmethylsulfinylbenzimidazoles
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Benzimidazoles / therapeutic use*
  • Duodenal Ulcer / drug therapy*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Omeprazole / therapeutic use*
  • Pantoprazole
  • Proton Pumps / drug effects
  • Sulfoxides / therapeutic use*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • 2-Pyridinylmethylsulfinylbenzimidazoles
  • Benzimidazoles
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Proton Pumps
  • Sulfoxides
  • Pantoprazole
  • Omeprazole