The clinical spectrum of neurocardiogenic syncope

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1995 Jul;6(7):569-76. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.1995.tb00429.x.


Neurocardiogenic syncope is a collective term used to describe the clinical syndromes of syncope that result from inappropriate, and often excessive, autonomic reflex activity, and manifest as abnormalities in the control of vascular tone and heart rate. These include carotid sinus syndrome, vasovagal syncope, and the syndromes of cough, deglutition, and micturition syncope. Orthostatic hypotension, which, in contrast, results from a failure of autonomic reflexes, is not considered part of this family of closely related syndromes. This review will focus on vasovagal and carotid sinus syndromes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / complications*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Prognosis
  • Syncope / epidemiology
  • Syncope / etiology*
  • Syncope / physiopathology