Condylar condition and mandibular growth during early functional treatment of children with juvenile chronic arthritis

Eur J Orthod. 1995 Oct;17(5):385-94. doi: 10.1093/ejo/17.5.385.


TMJ involvement in children with Juvenile Chronic Arthritis (JCA) will frequently cause disturbance of the growth of the mandible. Orthodontic treatment of these patients often includes orthognathic surgery, and are complicated to handle with respect to the damaged joint and impaired function. The aim of this presentation is to suggest an early treatment with a functional splint appliance, a distraction splint, with the purpose of increasing function of the joint and ensuring continuous growth of the mandible.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Arthritis, Juvenile / complications
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / physiopathology*
  • Bone Resorption / complications
  • Bone Resorption / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Malocclusion / complications
  • Malocclusion / surgery
  • Malocclusion / therapy*
  • Mandible / growth & development*
  • Mandibular Condyle / growth & development
  • Mandibular Condyle / physiopathology*
  • Occlusal Splints
  • Orthodontic Appliance Design
  • Orthodontic Appliances, Functional*
  • Retrognathia / complications
  • Retrognathia / therapy
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / complications
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / physiopathology