Central diabetes insipidus in a dog with a pro-opiomelanocortin-producing pituitary tumor not causing hyperadrenocorticism

J Vet Intern Med. 1995 Sep-Oct;9(5):361-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.1995.tb01099.x.


Central diabetes insipidus was diagnosed by vasopressin measurements during hypertonic stimulation in a 9-year-old male giant Schnauzer with polyuria and polydipsia. The impaired release of vasopressin was believed to be caused by a large pituitary tumor, which was visualized by computed tomography. Studies of the function of the anterior lobe and the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland were conducted, and high concentrations of ACTH and alpha-melanotrophic hormone (alpha-MSH) were found without concomitant hyperadrenocorticism. Studies of the molecular size of the immunoreactive ACTH in plasma by gel filtration revealed that most of the circulating immunoreactivity was not ACTH but its precursor pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) and low-molecular-weight POMC-derived peptides. The pituitary tumor of this dog probably originated from melanotrophic cells of the pars intermedia. The sensitivity of the pituitary-adrenocortical system for the suppressive effect of dexamethasone was unaffected.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenocortical Hyperfunction / veterinary
  • Animals
  • Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic / etiology
  • Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic / veterinary*
  • Dog Diseases / etiology*
  • Dog Diseases / metabolism
  • Dogs
  • Male
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / complications
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Pro-Opiomelanocortin / metabolism*
  • Radiography


  • Pro-Opiomelanocortin