Discrepant 99mTc-ECD images of CBF in patients with subacute cerebral infarction: a comparison of CBF, CMRO2 and 99mTc-HMPAO imaging

Ann Nucl Med. 1995 Aug;9(3):161-6. doi: 10.1007/BF03165046.


Three patients with subacute ischemic cerebral infarction examined by SPECT with 99mTc-ECD and PET within the same day showed signs of luxury perfusion in the subacute phase, which is between 9 to 20 days after the onset. A 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT study was also performed within 2 days of the ECD-SPECT study. ECD-SPECT images of three patients displayed a focal decreased uptake in the infarcted lesions, while in infarcted foci, there was almost equivalent or increased CBF compared to normal and unaffected areas, decreased CMRO2, and high HMPAO uptake. The ECD-SPECT results were similar to those of CMRO2 rather than CBF, though the HMPAO-SPECT image was similar to that of CBF. In one patient, HMPAO images revealed hyperfixation of the tracer. In the chronic phase and in the acute phase before 5 days after the onset, there were no discrepancies among the ECD-SPECT, CBF, HMPAO-SPECT, and CMRO2 images. These observations indicated that 99mTc-ECD is a good indicator of damaged brain tissues in subacute ischemic infarction. They also suggested that 99mTc-ECD is a potential agent with which to evaluate cerebral tissue viability in some pathological states of cerebrovascular disease. The characteristics may be suitable for confirming the effects of thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemia, because these conditions often show signs of luxury perfusion when the therapy is successful.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cerebral Infarction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebral Infarction / metabolism
  • Cerebral Infarction / physiopathology
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Cysteine* / analogs & derivatives*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed*
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*


  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime
  • technetium Tc 99m bicisate
  • Cysteine