The terminal segment of the aerobic respiratory chain of the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus sp. strain 7 is an unusual caldariellaquinol oxidase supercomplex, which contains at least one b-type and three spectroscopically distinguishable a-type cytochromes, one copper, and a Rieske-type FeS center. In this paper, we report the purification and characterization of two different forms of the archaeal a-type cytochromes, namely, a three-subunit cytochrome a583-aa3 subcomplex and a single-subunit cytochrome aa3 derived from the cytochrome subcomplex, in order to facilitate further studies on the terminal oxidase segment of Sulfolobus. The optical and EPR spectroscopic analyses suggest the presence of two different low-spin heme centers and one high-spin heme center in the purified cytochrome a583-aa3 subcomplex, and one low-spin and one high-spin hemes in cytochrome aa3, respectively. The Rieske-type FeS center detected in the purified cytochrome supercomplex was absent in two forms of the a-type cytochrome oxidase, indicating its association with cytochrome b562. The crystal field parameters of the lowspin heme a583 center indicate that its axial ligands may be similar to those of cytochromes c, rather than conventional bis-histidine ligation. In spite of the absence of any c-type cytochrome, a ferrocytochrome c oxidase activity was detected in the archaeal purified cytochrome a583-aa3 subcomplex with no quinol oxidase activity, but not in the purified cytochrome oxidase supercomplex, which has been tentatively interpreted as a representative of electron transfer from the Rieske FeS center to cytochrome a583 in vivo. Thus, our results indicate the following scheme for the intramolecular electron transfer of the terminal oxidase supercomplex from Sulfolobus sp. strain 7: [caldariellaquinol-->] b562-->Rieske FeS center-->a583 aa3-->molecular oxygen.