A tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated sodium channel expressed by sensory neurons

Nature. 1996 Jan 18;379(6562):257-62. doi: 10.1038/379257a0.


Dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons associated with C-fibres, many of which are activated by tissue-damage, express an unusual voltage-gated sodium channel that is resistant to tetrodotoxin. We report here that we have identified a 1,957 amino-acid sodium channel in these cells that shows 65% identity with the rat cardiac tetrodotoxin-insensitive sodium channel, and is not expressed in other peripheral and central neurons, glia or non-neuronal tissues. In situ hybridization shows that the channel is expressed only by small-diameter sensory neurons in neonatal and adult dorsal root and trigeminal ganglia. The channel is resistant to tetrodotoxin when expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of the expressed channel are similar to those described for the small-diameter sensory neuron tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channels. As some noxious input into the spinal cord is resistant to tetrodotoxin, block of expression or function of such a C-fibre-restricted sodium channel may have a selective analgesic effect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cell Line
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Ganglia, Spinal / cytology
  • Ganglia, Spinal / metabolism
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Membrane Potentials
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • NAV1.8 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel
  • Neurons, Afferent / metabolism*
  • Oocytes
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sodium Channels / biosynthesis*
  • Sodium Channels / drug effects
  • Sodium Channels / genetics
  • Tetrodotoxin / pharmacology
  • Trigeminal Ganglion / cytology
  • Trigeminal Ganglion / metabolism
  • Xenopus


  • DNA, Complementary
  • NAV1.8 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • SCN10A protein, human
  • Scn10a protein, rat
  • Sodium Channels
  • Tetrodotoxin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X92184