Prevalence and predictors of atrial fibrillation in rheumatic valvular heart disease

Am J Cardiol. 1996 Jan 1;77(1):96-8. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(97)89145-x.


The highest frequency of AF in RHD occurs in those with mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation, and tricuspid regurgitation in combination. AF, while occurring in 29% of patients with isolated mitral stenosis and in 16% with isolated mitral regurgitation, is an infrequent finding (1%) in patients with aortic valvular disease. Left atrial diameter by univariate analysis, and age and left atrial diameter by multivariate analysis have been shown to be the most important parameters to determine the occurrence of AF in patients with RHD.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Atrial Fibrillation / diagnostic imaging
  • Atrial Fibrillation / etiology*
  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Diseases / complications*
  • Heart Valve Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / complications*
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Risk Factors