Short echo time proton spectra have been acquired from the brains of 30 male homosexual Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients and 12 age-matched control subjects on a 1.5 T MR system. The acquisition protocol used stimulated acquisition voxel localisation with a voxel size of 8 ml and repeat, echo, and mixing times of 5000, 20, and 30 ms, respectively. A single 25.6-ms Gaussian water suppression pulse was used with 128 spectral acquisitions and the data were eddy current corrected using a water reference. Baseline-corrected spectra were nonlinearly least squares fitted to a model function consisting of Gaussian functions representing the major metabolites reported in short echo proton spectra. Results indicate that the N-acetyl/creatine (NA/Cr) ratio is significantly reduced by 20% in AIDS patients [NA/Cr = 1.91 (0.51)] compared to control subjects [NA/Cr = 2.37 (0.25)] at short echo times.