Splenic metastasis from lung cancer

Neth J Med. 1995 Nov;47(5):219-23. doi: 10.1016/0300-2977(95)00011-8.


Splenic metastasis from lung cancer is a rare clinical event, most often diagnosed at the time of autopsy. We report 2 cases of splenic metastasis with a primary lung cancer. The first case was a 76-year-old man presenting with a recurrent solitary splenic metastasis 14 months after surgical removal of a squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. The second patient was a 72-year-old woman who had a poorly differentiated carcinoma of the lung and multiple abdominal metastasis. We also investigated 267 autopsy cases of lung cancer from 1975 to 1992. Histologically, there were 73 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 123 adenocarcinoma, 29 large cell carcinoma, 36 small cell carcinoma, and 7 other miscellaneous tumours. The number of splenic metastasis from lung cancer in these cases was 15 (5.6%). Splenic metastasis from a primary cancer of the left lung was more frequent than that from the right lung. Nine of 15 splenic metastases were smaller than 1 cm in size. Splenic metastasis was associated with liver and pancreas metastasis. All 15 autopsy cases with splenic metastasis from lung cancer had other abdominal organ metastasis. Our analysis indicates that a solitary splenic metastasis is rare. Selection of a suitable therapeutic approach is important.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma / secondary*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Male
  • Splenic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Splenic Neoplasms / secondary*