Transcriptional induction of the PML growth suppressor gene by interferons is mediated through an ISRE and a GAS element

Oncogene. 1995 Dec 21;11(12):2565-73.


PML is a nuclear matrix protein with growth suppressing properties, whose expression is deregulated during oncogenesis. Moreover, in the t(15;17) translocation of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), PML fusion to the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR alpha) is the likely molecular basis of leukaemogenesis. Here we show that interferons (IFNs) alpha, beta, and gamma upregulate PML mRNA expression. Analysis of 5' genomic sequences of the PML gene revealed an IFN-alpha/-beta stimulated response element (ISRE) and an IFN-gamma activation site (GAS) in the untranslated first exon. Binding of IFN signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) was demonstrated to be weak for the PML GAS, but strong for the PML ISRE which also seemed to contribute substantially to the IFN-gamma response. Thus, PML is a primary target gene of IFNs and would appear as a suitable candidate for mediating some of their antiproliferative effects. Abnormalities of PML structure, localisation or expression in human malignancy, constitute examples of how an IFN target gene may be altered in oncogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Interferons / pharmacology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Proteins*
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins


  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • PML protein, human
  • Interferons

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X91752