Food deprivation affects extinction and reinstatement of responding in rats

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1995 Sep;121(2):150-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02245624.


Food deprivation has been shown to increase the self-administration of a wide variety of drugs in a number of different species. However, the effects of food deprivation on other phases of drug taking have not been established. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of food deprivation on reinstatement of responding for cocaine. Rats trained to self-administer 0.2, 0.4, or 1.0 mg/kg cocaine intravenously (IV) under a fixed-ratio 1 schedule for the first 2 h during daily 7-h sessions were fed either before or after the experimental session. During hours 3-7, rats self-administered saline. Saline replaced cocaine in the infusion pumps at the beginning of hour 3 and a priming injection of either saline or cocaine (0.32, 1.0, or 3.2 mg/kg IV) was administered at the beginning of hour 4. The number of infusions that was self-administered was measured throughout the 7-h session. During hours 1 and 2 when cocaine was available, the number of infusions was inversely related to cocaine dose. During hour 3, rats typically self-administered several infusions of saline, which gradually decreased to near-zero levels by hours 4-7 (extinction responding). A priming injection of cocaine administered at the beginning of hour 4 reinstated responding in a dose-related manner. The magnitude of extinction responding during hour 3 and reinstatement of responding during hour 4 were similar regardless of cocaine maintenance dose.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cocaine / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Eating
  • Extinction, Psychological / drug effects*
  • Food Deprivation*
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Self Administration
  • Time Factors


  • Cocaine