Fundus manifestations of orbital disease and treatment of orbital disease

Surv Ophthalmol. 1995 Jul-Aug;40(1):3-21. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6257(95)80043-3.


Disorders of the orbit can secondarily involve the eye. Although nonspecific, changes which can be noted on funduscopic examination including abnormalities of the retina, choroid, and optic nerve, can be secondary to an underlying orbital process. Awareness of these findings and their association with orbital disease is of great importance to the practicing ophthalmologist, since many orbital disorders are treatable and indeed, some are life-threatening. In addition, treatment of these disorders can potentially result in a variety of ocular complications. An understanding of the potential risks is of the utmost importance in planning treatment of an orbital disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Choroid Diseases / diagnosis
  • Choroid Diseases / etiology
  • Choroid Diseases / therapy
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Fundus Oculi*
  • Humans
  • Optic Disk / pathology
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / diagnosis
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / etiology
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / therapy
  • Orbital Diseases / complications
  • Orbital Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Orbital Diseases / therapy*
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Retinal Diseases / etiology
  • Retinal Diseases / therapy