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Clinical Trial
. 1995;15(6):493-9.
doi: 10.1159/000168892.

Coadministration of Ketoconazole to Cyclosporin-Treated Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Prospective Randomized Study

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Clinical Trial

Coadministration of Ketoconazole to Cyclosporin-Treated Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Prospective Randomized Study

M Sobh et al. Am J Nephrol. .

Abstract

In this work, 100 living related donor kidney transplant recipients under cyclosporin (CsA) therapy were randomly distributed to two groups. Group 1 were administered ketoconazole, with group 2 serving as the control. Ketoconazole was given orally, 100 mg/day, while the dose of CsA was adjusted for a CsA whole blood trough level of 100-150 ng/ml. Patients and controls were assessed regularly in an outpatient clinic for 12 months and compared statistically for CsA dose, graft and liver functions, cholesterol, blood sugar, CsA nephrotoxicity, acute rejection episodes, chronic rejection and fungal skin infections. Statistical analysis showed a significant reduction in the CsA dose in the ketoconazole-treated group (73-76%), along with significantly lower alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, bilirubin, and serum creatinine values. CsA chronic nephrotoxicity and chronic rejections were also significantly lower in the ketoconazole-treated group, as was fungal skin infection (6.6 vs 63.2%). From this study, we conclude that addition of a low dose of ketoconazole to CsA-treated kidney transplant recipients not only saves costs, but may also have a favorable effect on graft function, chronic CsA nephrotoxicity, chronic rejection and fungal skin infection.

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