Monosialogangliosides of human myelogenous leukemia HL60 cells and normal human leukocytes. 2. Characterization of E-selectin binding fractions, and structural requirements for physiological binding to E-selectin

Biochemistry. 1996 Jan 23;35(3):770-8. doi: 10.1021/bi952461g.

Abstract

E-selectin binding gangliosides were isolated from myelogenous leukemia HL60 cells, and the E-selectin binding pattern was compared with that of human neutrophils as described in the preceding paper in this issue. The binding fractions were identified as monosialogangliosides having a series of unbranched polylactosamine cores. Structures of fractions 12-3, 13-1, 13-2, and 14, which showed clear binding to E-selectin under the conditions described in the preceding paper, were characterized by functional group analysis by application of monoclonal antibodies, 1H-NMR, FAB-MS, and electrospray mass spectrometry with collision-induced dissociation of permethylated fractions. Fractions 12-3, 13-1, and 13-2 were characterized by the presence of a major ganglioside with the following structure: NeuAc alpha 2-->3Gal beta 1-->4 GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4(Fuc alpha 1-->3) GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4(Fuc alpha 1-->3)-GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->4 Glc beta Cer. Fractions 12-3 and 13-2 contained, in addition, small quantities (10-15%) of extended SLex with internally fucosylated structures: NeuAc alpha 2-->3 Gal beta 1-->4-(Fuc alpha 1-->3) GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->4(Fuc alpha 1-->3) GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->4 (+/- Fuc alpha 1-->3)GlcNA c beta 1-->3 Gal beta beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->Glc Beta Cer. Fraction 13-1, showing stronger E-selectin binding activity than 12-3 and 13-2, contained only a trace quantity (< 1%) of SLex. Fraction 14, which also showed clear binding to E-selectin, was characterized by the presence of the following structures, in addition to two internally monofucosylated structures (XX and XXI, Table 2, text): NeuAc alpha 2-->3Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4(Fuc alpha 1-->3)GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->4(Fuc alpha 1-->3)GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4 GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->4 GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->4 Glc beta Cer; andNeuAc alpha 2-->3Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3 Gal beta 1-->4(Fuc alpha 1-->3)GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4 (Fuc alpha 1--3)-GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1--4Glc beta Cer. SLex determinant was completely absent. Thus, the E-selectin binding epitope in HL60 cells is carried by unbranched terminally alpha 2-->3 sialylated polylactosamine having at least 10 monosaccharide units (4 N-acetyllactosamine units) with internal multiple fucosylation at GlcNAc. These structures are hereby collectively called "myeloglycan". Monosialogangliosides from normal human neutrophils showed an essentially identical pattern of gangliosides with selectin binding property. Myeloglycan, rather than SLex, provides a major physiological epitope in E-selectin-dependent binding of leukocytes and HL60 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • E-Selectin / metabolism*
  • Gangliosides / chemistry*
  • Gangliosides / immunology
  • Gangliosides / metabolism
  • HL-60 Cells / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Lewis X Antigen / metabolism
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neutrophils / chemistry*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Fast Atom Bombardment

Substances

  • E-Selectin
  • Gangliosides
  • Lewis X Antigen
  • sialogangliosides