The regeneration of shoot buds from callus cells in vitro is an important technique in modern plant genetic manipulation. Whilst it is clear that genetic factors play a major role in determining the ability of callus cells to become organized into regenerating shoot buds, the precise nature of these factors remains unknown. Here we show that callus derived from mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana which have reduced levels of endogenous bioactive gibberellins (GAs), or reduced responsivity to GAs, regenerates shoot buds more readily than does callus derived from wild-type controls. In addition, exogenous GA reduces, and exogenous paclobutrazol (a GA-bio-synthesis inhibitor) increases, the frequency of shoot bud regeneration from wild-type callus. These results show that GA levels play a role in regulating shoot bud regeneration from callus, and suggest that variation in endogenous GA levels or responsivity may account for a major component of the genetic variation in shoot bud regeneration frequency described in other species.