Necrotizing enterocolitis

Semin Pediatr Surg. 1995 Nov;4(4):200-6.


Advances in neonatal care have resulted in an enlarging population of vulnerable premature newborns at risk for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This article presents data supporting a unifying hypothesis for the initiation of NEC based on bacteria as the inciting agent(s), and the preterm baby as the vulnerable host. Facts and controversies concerning the pathology, microbiology, clinical presentation, management and outcome of infants afflicted with NEC are presented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous* / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases* / microbiology