Induction of human airway hyperresponsiveness by tumour necrosis factor-alpha

Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 Sep 15;284(1-2):221-5. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(95)00463-u.

Abstract

Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma; however, little is known of its direct effect on smooth muscle reactivity. We investigated the effect of TNF alpha on the responsiveness of human bronchial tissue to electrical field stimulation in vitro. Incubation of non-sensitized tissue with 1 nM, 3 nM and 10 nM TNF alpha significantly increased responsiveness to electrical field stimulation (113 +/- 8, 110 +/- 4 and 112 +/- 2% respectively) compared to control (99 +/- 2%) (P < 0.05, n = 6). Responses were not increased in sensitized tissue (101 +/- 3% versus 105 +/- 5%, n = 3, P > 0.05) nor were responses to exogenous acetylcholine (93 +/- 4% versus 73 +/- 7%, n = 3, P = 0.38). These results show that TNF alpha causes an increase in responsiveness of human bronchial tissue and that this occurs prejunctionally on the parasympathetic nerve pathway. This is the first report of a cytokine increasing human airway tissue responsiveness.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholine / pharmacology
  • Aged
  • Allergens / pharmacology
  • Bronchi / drug effects
  • Bronchi / physiology
  • Bronchial Hyperreactivity / chemically induced*
  • Bronchial Hyperreactivity / physiopathology
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Humans
  • Immunization / adverse effects
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Parasympathomimetics / pharmacology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Allergens
  • Parasympathomimetics
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Carbachol
  • Acetylcholine