Quantification of Coxiella burnetii by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a colorimetric microtiter plate hybridization assay (CMHA)

Eur J Epidemiol. 1995 Oct;11(5):549-57. doi: 10.1007/BF01719307.

Abstract

A colorimetric microtiter plate hybridization assay (CMHA) for the quantitative determination of Coxiella burnetii DNA after amplification by externally controlled polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is described. The quantification assay is based on an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) format. Cloned DNA, representing a sequence complementary to an internal part of the diagnostic amplicon, was noncovalently attached to the wells of a microtiter plate. Biotinylated PCR product was hybridized to the immobilized capture probe. Bound product was detected via streptavidin horse-radish peroxidase. The devised nonisotopic technique allows specific, rapid, and convenient quantification of C. burnetii DNA. Additionally, it is compatible with standard laboratory ELISA equipment, making this assay amenable to automation and permitting processing of large sample numbers.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Colorimetry
  • Coxiella burnetii / genetics*
  • Coxiella burnetii / isolation & purification*
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Bacterial / analysis*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Gene Amplification
  • Horseradish Peroxidase
  • Micromanipulation
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction*
  • Streptavidin
  • Titrimetry

Substances

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Streptavidin
  • Horseradish Peroxidase