5'-AMP inhibits dephosphorylation, as well as promoting phosphorylation, of the AMP-activated protein kinase. Studies using bacterially expressed human protein phosphatase-2C alpha and native bovine protein phosphatase-2AC

FEBS Lett. 1995 Dec 27;377(3):421-5. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(95)01368-7.

Abstract

Human protein phosphatase-2C alpha (PP2C alpha) was purified to homogeneity after expression in Escherichia coli. AMP inhibited the dephosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), but not phosphocasein, by PP2C alpha. The concentration dependence and the effects of other nucleotides (ATP and formycin A-5'-monophosphate) suggest that AMP acts by binding to the same site which causes direct allosteric activation of AMPK. A similar, although less pronounced, effect was observed with another protein phosphatase (PP2AC). We have now shown that AMPK activates the AMPK cascade by four mechanisms, which should make the system exquisitely sensitive to changes in AMP concentration.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Adenosine Monophosphate / pharmacology*
  • Allosteric Regulation
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cattle
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / genetics
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism*
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multienzyme Complexes / drug effects
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism*
  • Nucleotides / pharmacology
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / genetics
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / drug effects
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Protein Phosphatase 2
  • Protein Phosphatase 2C
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction

Substances

  • Isoenzymes
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Nucleotides
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Adenosine Monophosphate
  • Protein Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • PPM1A protein, human
  • PPM1B protein, human
  • PPM1G protein, human
  • PTC1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
  • Protein Phosphatase 2
  • Protein Phosphatase 2C