Improved conjugate view quantitation of I-131 by subtraction of scatter and septal penetration events with a triple energy window method

Med Phys. 1995 Oct;22(10):1637-43. doi: 10.1118/1.597423.


The majority of radiation absorbed dose estimates for radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with I-131 labeled antibodies have been calculated based on in vivo quantitation of activity using the conjugate view approach with planar Anger camera images. Scatter and septal penetration events contributed by a small fraction of high-energy photons emitted by I-131 with an energy exceeding 600 KeV lead to a significant degradation of I-131 images acquired with an Anger camera, which blurs the images of uptake sites and complicates the definition of background regions. The objective of this study was to evaluate a triple energy window (TEW) subtraction method that has been used to remove these interfering events from I-131 images. In the method, a primary photopeak image for I-131 is obtained after sequential subtraction of septal penetration and scatter events by using scatter multipliers derived from a photopeak window and two adjacent scatter window images. Qualitative improvement in image contrast was demonstrated with this technique, together with more accurate and reproducible quantitation for I-131 in the organs of an abdominal phantom. This TEW scatter subtraction method can be used to provide more precise dosimetry estimates for radionuclide therapy and RIT with I-131.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use*
  • Mathematics
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Phantoms, Imaging*
  • Radioimmunotherapy / instrumentation
  • Radioimmunotherapy / methods*
  • Radionuclide Imaging / instrumentation
  • Radionuclide Imaging / methods
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Scattering, Radiation


  • Iodine Radioisotopes