The worksite environment as a cue to smoking reduction

Res Nurs Health. 1996 Feb;19(1):21-31. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-240X(199602)19:1<21::AID-NUR3>3.0.CO;2-N.


With a modified version of the Health Belief Model as the conceptual framework, the hypothesis that exposure to a worksite health-promoting environment acted as a cue to smoking reduction among 310 smokers was tested with a quasi-experimental design. Using path analysis (LISREL), the total effects on posttest smoking were decomposed. Results showed exposure to the health-promoting environment had statistically significant direct and indirect effects on posttest smoking. The indirect effect was through the posttest perceived barriers variable. The LISREL model explained 74% of the variance in smoking reduction and fit the data satisfactorily. The importance of developing the worksite as a health-promoting force is discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Cues*
  • Female
  • Health Promotion / methods
  • Health Promotion / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Insurance, Health*
  • Male
  • Midwestern United States
  • Smoking Cessation / psychology*
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data
  • Social Environment*
  • Workplace / psychology