We measured bone remodeling of the proximal tibia prospectively for 3 years after uncemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in 25 knees with primary arthrosis. In the trabecular bone below the tibial component, bone mineral density (BMD) was measured in 6 different regions of interest (ROI), using dual photon absorptiometry (DPA). In the tibial condyles, where the change in knee alignment indicated that the load was reduced postoperatively, a fast bone loss of 7-20% was seen during the first 6 months after surgery. A small, but significant increase in BMD of 2-7% was seen in the tibial condyles, where the load was increased. On average, the density for all ROI below the tibial component showed a significant and progressive decrease in BMD, reaching 22% at 3 years follow-up.