We present a patient with benign IgM-gamma anti-Sulfatide (SUL) whose neuropathy was transferred in newborn rabbits. The patient's clinico-pathological picture of anti-SUL-associated demyelinating neuropathy is reported. The monoclonal IgM antibodies prepared by Tatum's method, that retained their biological activity, were passively transferred to newborn rabbits. The passive transfer produced demyelinating nerve lesions very similar to the donor antibody neuropathy. In experimental lesions we observed the human IgM anti-SUL antibodies binding to Schmidt-Lanterman incisures and nodes of Ranvier. We postulate that the myelin-specific and complement-dependent lesions observed in the peripheral nerve support the potential demyelinating role of anti-SUL antibodies. Moreover, the pattern of the antibody binding to the perineuronal sheath of satellite cells in dorsal root ganglia strengthen the hypothesis that anti-SUL antibodies may have a pathogenetic role in this sensorimotor syndrome.