Torticollis with hiatus hernia in infancy. Sandifer syndrome

Am J Dis Child. 1977 May;131(5):564-5. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.1977.02120180078015.


Two infants with torticollis and hiatus hernia (Sandifer Syndrome) are presented. Both infants improved with medical management. Abnormal head and neck positioning is attributed to esophagitis secondary to gastroesophageal reflux, with or without hiatus hernia. Since esophagitis due to reflux is not necessarily accompanied by vomiting, infants with torticollis shoud be studied for gastroesophageal reflux. If present, medical management is usually successful.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic / complications*
  • Hernia, Hiatal / complications*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Torticollis / complications*