Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Clinical Trial
, 23 (1), 64-73; discussion 74-5

Thrombolysis or Peripheral Arterial Surgery: Phase I Results. TOPAS Investigators

Affiliations
Clinical Trial

Thrombolysis or Peripheral Arterial Surgery: Phase I Results. TOPAS Investigators

K Ouriel et al. J Vasc Surg.

Abstract

Purpose: Thrombolytic therapy is widely used in the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusion, but prospective, randomized comparisons with standard therapy remain few. A multicenter trial of thrombolysis or peripheral arterial surgery (TOPAS) was organized to compare critically the use of recombinant urokinase (rUK) or surgery for the initial treatment of acute lower-extremity ischemia. Phase I of the trial was designed as a dose-ranging trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of three doses of rUK in comparison with surgery.

Methods: In a multicenter, prospective, double-blind comparison, 213 patients who had acute lower-extremity ischemia for 14 days or fewer were randomized to one of two groups. The first group received one of three dosages of rUK (catheter-directed at 2000, 4000, or 6000 IU/min for 4 hours, then 2000 IU/min to a maximum of 48 hours). The second group underwent surgery. Successful thrombolysis was followed by surgical or endovascular interventions when anatomic lesions responsible for the occlusion were unmasked. Patients were followed-up for 1 year; data were evaluated on an intent-to-treat basis.

Results: The 4000 IU/min rUK dosage was chosen as the most appropriate thrombolytic regimen because it maximized lytic efficacy against the risk of bleeding. Complete (> 95%) lysis of thrombus was achieved in 71% of the 49 patients who were randomized to the 4000 IU/min group, with a mean infusion time of 23 hours. In contrast, complete lysis was achieved in 67% of patients who received 2000 IU/min and in 60% of patients who received 6000 IU/min. Hemorrhagic complications occurred in 2% of the 4000 IU/min group versus 13% of the 2000 IU/min group (p = 0.05) and 16% of the 6000 IU/min group (p = 0.03). In a comparison of the 4000 IU/min group with the surgical group, the 1-year mortality rate (14% vs 16%) or amputation-free survival rate (75% vs 65%) did not differ significantly. The frequency and magnitude of surgery in the patients randomized to rUK were decreased (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: The preliminary results suggest that an initial rUK dose of 4000 IU/min is safe and efficacious in the treatment of acute lower-extremity ischemia. rUK therapy is associated with limb salvage and patient survival rates similar to those achieved with surgery, concurrent with a reduced requirement for complex surgery after thrombolytic intervention.

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 27 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

MeSH terms

Substances

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback