Exophiala jeanselmei and Mycobacterium chelonae were isolated from cutaneous nodules in a 73-year-old man with mycetoma of the right lower leg. Further evaluation revealed CD4+ lymphocytopenia without evidence of HIV infection. Antibodies to HIV 1/2, p24 antigen and HIV 1/2 (PCR) and reverse transcriptase activity were not detectable. The patient was not a member of any HIV risk group. He had not previously undergone therapy or suffered from immunodeficiency. This case clearly demonstrates that infections with opportunistic moulds and/or atypical mycobacteria should be taken into consideration not only in patients with classical immundeficiency diseases but also in apparently healthy patients because infection with these agents can be the first sign of underlying immunodeficiency.