Time perspective of substance abuse patients: comparison of the scales in Stanford Time Perspective Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Hopelessness Scale

Psychol Rep. 1995 Dec;77(3 Pt 1):899-905. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1995.77.3.899.


This study examined the correlations between the Stanford Time Perspective Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Beck Hopelessness Scale for an in-patient substance-abuse population of 50. Analysis did not support the hypothesis that substance abusers would be more likely to be present-hedonistic and present-fatalistic rather than past- or future-oriented. However, the results modestly supported the hypothesis that future orientation would be negatively correlated with scores on depression and hopelessness measures. In this sample, there was a slight tendency toward the time orientations of future- and present-fatalistic. Correlations among scores on the three measures were generally low (range = .06 to -.38).

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Depressive Disorder / rehabilitation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Concept
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Time Perception*