Reduced stomach capacity in obese subjects after dieting

Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Feb;63(2):170-3. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/63.2.170.


The objective of the study was to assess the change in gastric capacity of obese subjects consuming a hypoenergetic diet. Otherwise healthy, obese subjects participated in a prospective controlled study as hospital outpatients. Fourteen (11 females, 3 males) subjects were assigned to the diet group and 9 (7 females, 2 males) were assigned to the control group. Subjects in the diet group were provided a 2508-kJ/d(600 kcal/d) formula diet for 4 wk. Subjects in the control group ate ad libitum for 4 wk. Gastric capacity was determined before the study and 4 wk later by oral insertion of a latex gastric balloon after an overnight fast. The balloon was infused with water at a rate of 100 mL/min, with pauses for measuring intragastric pressure, until no further distension was tolerated. Two indexes for estimating gastric capacity were used based on subjective and objective criteria: 1) the maximal volume that could be tolerated, and 2) the volume required to produce a rise in water pressure of 5 cm. Subjects in the diet group, who lost a mean of 9.1 kg, showed a 27% reduction in gastric capacity based on the first index (P = 0.004) and a 36% reduction based on the second index (P = 0.006). For the control subjects, gastric capacity did not change significantly with use of either index. The results demonstrate a reduction in gastric capacity in obese subjects after a restricted diet.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Catheterization
  • Diet, Reducing*
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Gastric Balloon
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / diet therapy
  • Obesity / physiopathology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stomach / physiopathology*
  • Weight Loss