Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Comparative Study
, 86 (1), 93-6

Why Are Most Drowning Victims Men? Sex Differences in Aquatic Skills and Behaviors

Affiliations
Comparative Study

Why Are Most Drowning Victims Men? Sex Differences in Aquatic Skills and Behaviors

J Howland et al. Am J Public Health.

Abstract

Men have higher drowning rates than women for most age groups. Data from a 1991 national household survey (n = 3042) on aquatic activities were used to examine hypotheses about differential drowning rates by sex. Men and women were compared by (1) exposure to aquatic environments; (2) frequency of aquatic activities involving or potentially involving, submersion; (3) swimming training and ability; (4) aquatic risk-taking behaviors; and (5) alcohol use on or near the water. Men had elevated risks for exposure, risk taking, and alcohol use. It was concluded that several factors contribute to their relatively high drowning rates, including a possible interaction between overestimation of abilities and heavy alcohol use.

Similar articles

  • Unintentional Drowning Mortality in China, 2006-2013
    L Wang et al. Inj Prev 25 (1), 47-51. PMID 29691315.
    The overall drowning mortality rate remained high and stable in China between 2006 and 2013. Effective prevention measures like removing or covering water hazards, wearin …
  • Submersion Injuries in the United States: Patients Characteristics and Predictors of Mortality and Morbidity
    R El Sibai et al. Injury 49 (3), 543-548. PMID 29452731.
    Submersion remains a high impact emergency condition in the United States. Significant predictors of poor outcomes were identified. Prevention efforts targeting susceptib …
  • Unintentional Drowning Deaths in the United States, 1999-2010
    J Xu. NCHS Data Brief (149), 1-8. PMID 24735548.
    This report provides recent findings on unintentional drowning deaths in the United States. Children under 5 years of age and adults aged 85 and over had the highest risk …
  • Submersion and Asphyxial Injury
    LM Ibsen et al. Crit Care Med 30 (11 Suppl), S402-8. PMID 12528781. - Review
    Drowning and other asphyxial injuries are important causes of childhood morbidity and mortality. In this review, the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatments applied …
  • Drowning Awareness. Prevention and Treatment
    P Fenner. Aust Fam Physician 29 (11), 1045-9. PMID 11127061. - Review
    Despite prevention strategies, including pool fencing, drowning rates in young children have remained relatively static. In older children, drowning rates have declined d …
See all similar articles

Cited by 19 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Accid Anal Prev. 1988 Feb;20(1):19-25 - PubMed

Publication types

Feedback