Glutathione S transferase-theta (GSTT1) genetic polymorphism among Chinese, Malays and Indians in Singapore

Pharmacogenetics. 1995 Oct;5(5):332-4. doi: 10.1097/00008571-199510000-00010.

Abstract

Glutathione S-transferase-theta (GSTT1) is subject to a genetic polymorphism where approximately 50% of a Caucasian population are homozygous for the null allele. Because of the possible association of the polymorphism with increased cancer risk in individuals, we genotyped by polymerase chain reaction 187 normal Chinese, 167 normal Malays and 152 normal Indians from Singapore and Malaysia. The proportion of Chinese, Malays and Indians with the null genotype were 58%, 38% and 16% respectively and mirrored previously reported frequencies of the GSTM1 null genotype in these populations. The frequency of the combined GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes among Chinese, Malays and Indians were 37%, 22% and 5% respectively. The similarity with predicted frequencies indicated no interaction between the two genetic polymorphisms.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asians / genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • China / ethnology
  • DNA / blood
  • DNA Primers
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • India / ethnology
  • Isoenzymes / genetics*
  • Malaysia / ethnology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Singapore
  • Whites / genetics

Substances

  • DNA Primers
  • Isoenzymes
  • DNA
  • Glutathione Transferase