Chiasma frequencies were analysed and chiasma positions measured in diakinesis/metaphase I autosomal bivalents from oocytes and spermatocytes of F1 hybrid C3H/HeHx101/H mice. Twenty chromosome size ranks, including the presumptive X bivalent, could be distinguished in oocytes, and nineteen autosomal ranks plus the XY pair spermatocytes. Overall, mean cell chiasma frequencies of the two sexes did not differ significantly once the contribution of the presumptive X bivalent and the XY pair were taken into account. Sex related differences in chiasma distribution patterns were evident, however. In monochiasmate bivalents, the chiasma was most commonly located interstitially in oocytes while in spermatocytes it could be either interstitial or distal. In dichiasmate bivalents, the chiasmata tended to be more centrally located in oocytes than in spermatocytes. Minimum inter-chiasma distances did not appear to show any great variation in chromosome pairs of different sizes, however, mean inter-chiasma distances did increase with the bivalent length. The minimum-inter chiasma distance data suggest that chiasma interference is complete over a chromosomal segment equating to approximately 60Mb. Measurement of the positions of chiasmata along chromosome arms open up the possibility of producing chiasma-based genetic maps for all the autosomes of the mouse.