Objectives: To evaluate the evolution of fundic argyrophil cell density and hyperplasia grading, fundic chronic gastritis grading and serum gastrin levels in patients treated with proton pump inhibitors.
Methods: Thirty-two patients treated with proton pump inhibitors for gastroesophageal reflux and/or duodenal ulcer were studied. No patient had a gastric ulcer. The studied parameters were serum gastrin levels, fundic argyrophil cell density, the degree of fundic argyrophil cell hyperplasia, the grade of fundic atrophic gastritis and the presence of Helicobacter pylori. The first point of the study was 7 months (range: 0-42 months) and the last point 33 months (range: 7-72 months) after the beginning of the treatment.
Results: Serum gastrin levels significantly increased with treatment. Fundic argyrophil cell density did not change significantly. In 3 patients (9%), serum gastrin levels were twice the normal upper limit. The highest serum gastrin levels (249 and 665 pg/mL) were noted in the 2 patients treated with the highest doses of proton pump inhibitors. Micronodular hyperplasia of the fundic argyrophil cells was observed in 2 patients treated with omeprazole 20 mg/d for 4 years and lansoprazole 90 mg/d for 6 years, respectively. Non active superficial chronic gastritis was noted in 2 patients. Serum gastrin levels were significantly correlated with cell densities.
Conclusion: There were minor modifications of fundic argyrophil cell population and of gastrinaemia during the study period. They were not related to chronic atrophic gastritis. However, survey is mandatory in patients treated with high dose proton pump inhibitors, in those in whom gastrinaemia is elevated and when treatment duration is longer than 5 years.