Background & aims: A direct comparison of jejunal and ileal absorption rates of bile acids has not been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the relative transport rates of different bile acids in the jejunum and ileum.
Methods: Jejunal and ileal rabbit intestinal segments were separately perfused with bile acid solutions, and dose-response curves were obtained for taurocholate, ursodeoxycholate, chenodeoxycholate, deoxycholate, and their glycoconjugates. Membrane fluidity and bile acid transport were assessed in brush border membrane vesicles.
Results: Taurocholate showed active transport in the ileum and no transport in the jejunum. Unconjugated bile acids showed passive diffusion in the two tracts, whereas glycoconjugated bile acids showed both components of transport in the ileum and passive diffusion in the jejunum (lower in the latter). A higher membrane fluidity and lower cholesterol-to-phospholipid ratio were found in the jejunum. Ursodeoxycholate reduced bile acid uptake into membrane vesicles from both ileum and jejunum.
Conclusions: Active transport is limited to the ileum. Passive diffusion is higher through a less fluid membrane with a higher cholesterol-to-phospholipid ratio in the ileum than in the jejunum. Ursodeoxycholate inhibition may be at the level of a facilitated, sodium-independent diffusion in the jejunum.