Protection against papillomavirus with a polynucleotide vaccine

J Infect Dis. 1996 Feb;173(2):314-20. doi: 10.1093/infdis/173.2.314.

Abstract

Genital infections with human papillomavirus (HPV) are increasingly recognized as a significant source of human disease; HPV is now implicated in up to 90% of cervical carcinomas. Neutralizing antibodies against papillomaviruses recognize conformational epitopes formed when viral capsid proteins assemble into virions or virus-like particles. Immunization with plasmid DNA encoding the major viral capsid protein L1 was studied as a means of inducing neutralizing antibodies and protection against virus challenge. In a cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV) model, immunization with plasmid DNA encoding L1 elicited conformationally specific neutralizing antibodies and provided immunity against papilloma formation upon challenge with CRPV. Immunization with DNA encoding the capsid protein may provide a means of protecting humans against HPV and would simplify the production of multivalent vaccines by combining plasmids that encode the viral capsid proteins of different strains. This may be of importance given the multiplicity of HPV types capable of causing disease.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / analysis
  • Base Sequence
  • Capsid / genetics
  • Capsid / immunology
  • Cottontail rabbit papillomavirus / genetics
  • Cottontail rabbit papillomavirus / immunology*
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • DNA, Viral / genetics
  • DNA, Viral / immunology*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Immunity
  • Immunization
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neutralization Tests
  • Papillomavirus Infections / immunology
  • Papillomavirus Infections / pathology
  • Papillomavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines*
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Plasmids / immunology
  • Rabbits
  • Skin Diseases / pathology
  • Skin Diseases / prevention & control
  • Skin Diseases / virology
  • Tumor Virus Infections / immunology
  • Tumor Virus Infections / pathology
  • Tumor Virus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Vaccines, Synthetic / administration & dosage*
  • Viral Vaccines / administration & dosage*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Viral
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Viral
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • Viral Vaccines