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, 173 (2), 365-73

Invasive Group B Streptococcal Disease: The Emergence of Serotype V

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Invasive Group B Streptococcal Disease: The Emergence of Serotype V

H M Blumberg et al. J Infect Dis.

Abstract

Group B streptococci (GBS) cause invasive disease in neonates, pregnant adults, and nonpregnant adults with underlying or chronic disease. Previous studies found capsular serotypes Ia, Ib, II, and III cause invasive disease. Prospective population-based surveillance of invasive GBS disease was done from June 1992 to June 1993 in metropolitan Atlanta: 279 patients had invasive disease. Of these, 43% were < or = 6 months old, and 57% were adults. The incidence among all adults was 7.7/100,000/year, 33% higher than in 1989-1990 (P < .01). The incidence in nonpregnant adults was 5.9/100,000/year, 37% higher than in 1989-1990 (P < .02). Serotyping of 178 patient isolates revealed that 34% had GBS serotype Ia or Ia/c, 8% had Ib/c, 6% had II or II/c, 29% had III, 0% had IV, 21% had V, and 2% were nontypeable. Serotype V was recovered from all groups and was the most common serotype from nonpregnant adults. Serotype V isolates appeared to be highly related genetically. The increasing incidence of GBS disease in adults, the changing distribution of serotypes, and the emergence of serotype V will impact vaccine strategies.

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