Diabetes insipidus

Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1995 Sep;24(3):549-72.


Diabetes insipidus, characterized by the excretion of copious volumes of unconcentrated urine, results from a deficiency in the action of the antidiuretic hormone arginine vasopressin and can be caused by any of four fundamentally different defects, including impaired secretion (neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus), impaired renal response (nephrogenic diabetes insipidus), excessive fluid intake (primary polydipsia), or increased metabolism of the hormone (gestational diabetes insipidus). Differentiation between their causes, pathophysiology, and treatment methods is essential for effective management and is best achieved by a combination of hormonal, clinical, and neuroradiologic observations. Understanding of the genetic forms has advanced greatly and may soon lead to improved methods of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Insipidus* / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Insipidus* / etiology
  • Diabetes Insipidus* / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Insipidus* / therapy
  • Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic / etiology
  • Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic / physiopathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Polyuria / diagnosis
  • Polyuria / physiopathology
  • Pregnancy
  • Vasopressins / blood


  • Vasopressins