Speech appliances in the treatment of phonological disorders

J Commun Disord. 1995 Dec;28(4):331-53. doi: 10.1016/0021-9924(95)00060-8.


Some individuals are unable to achieve correct production of the /r/ phoneme after receiving substantial amounts of treatment. Clark, Schwarz, and Blakeley (1993) developed a removable speech appliance that positions the tongue to produce the /r/ phoneme. Their results indicate that the appliance was successful with a large group of clients. The rationale and issues related to the use of speech appliances are discussed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Articulation Disorders / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Speech Therapy / instrumentation*