Host factors and pneumonia in hospitalised children

J Indian Med Assoc. 1995 Jul;93(7):271-2.


Acute respiratory infections (ARI) account for 20-24% of childhood deaths in India. The present study investigated the host related risk factors in the outcome of pneumonia in 127 hospitalised children between the ages of 2 months and 5 years. The case fatality rate in the study was 11.8%. Presence of malnutrition is a significantly important factor for both increased duration of pneumonia and fatal outcome. Other factors for increased pneumonia mortality include the presence of associated illness and the severity of the pneumonia.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Child Nutrition Disorders / complications
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Nutrition Disorders / complications
  • Male
  • Pneumonia / complications
  • Pneumonia / mortality*
  • Sex Factors