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, 25 Suppl 1, S112-7

Bone Fractures in Children Undergoing Orthotopic Liver Transplantation

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  • PMID: 8577500

Bone Fractures in Children Undergoing Orthotopic Liver Transplantation

S A Hill et al. Pediatr Radiol.

Abstract

This retrospective study documents the incidence and distribution of fractures in 117 children with end-stage liver disease who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) over a 6-year period (1987-1993). Both the pre- and post-OLT phases were included. Nineteen children (16.2 %) sustained a total of 69 fractures. Age at time of fracture ranged from 3 months to 9 years 8 months (median 13.5 months). There was no documented trauma in 14/19 cases. Metabolic bone disease, assessed qualitatively on plain radiographs, was present in 17/19 children at the time of fracture. This took the form of rickets (n = 3), osteopenia (n = 12) and osteosclerosis (n = 2). Potential risk factors including pre-existing metabolic bone disease, drugs and immobilization were assessed. The findings emphasise the need for clinical and radiological awareness of the fracture risk, particularly during the peri-transplant period when this risk may be greatest.

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