The post-secretory processing of the potent insulinotropic peptide hormone, GLP-1(7-36)amide, probably involves one or more of a small group of membrane-bound ectopeptidases. Reported here, is the characterisation of the endoproteolysis of human GLP-1(7-36)amide by the recombinant human form of neutral endopeptidase (NEP) 24.11, which is one of the best characterised and widely-distributed of ectopeptidases and is involved in the processing of other peptide hormones. The products of the limited endoproteolysis were characterised by mass and primary structure following fractionation using high performance liquid chromatography. The rate of this endoproteolysis by NEP 24.11 was estimated and compared to that of GLP-1(7-36)amide-related peptides. GLP-1(7-36)amide appears to be good substrate for NEP 24.11 with most, but not all potential target bonds being cleaved. Also, the structurally-related peptides, secretin and glucagon appear to be good substrates whereas GIP and exendin-4 are very poor substrates. That the GLP-1(7-36)amide super-agonist, exendin-4 is a poor substrate for NEP 24.11 is significant for the possible use of this peptide as a prototype for the development of clinically-useful peptide agonists. Further studies should reveal whether NEP 24.11 is important for the metabolic clearance of GLP-1(7-36)amide and will be highly relevant for the attempts to realise the suggested therapeutic value of GLP-1(7-36)amide.