Cranial cruciate ligament rupture in the dog--a retrospective study comparing surgical techniques

Aust Vet J. 1995 Aug;72(8):281-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1995.tb03555.x.


Three surgical techniques, grouped as intra-articular techniques, extracapsular techniques and fibular head transposition, were used for repair of the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL)-deficient stifle in 113 dogs over a 4 year 4 month period. The clinical outcome of the techniques were compared using information provided by the owners and physical examination. Regardless of surgical technique, 85.7 to 91.0% of dogs showed clinical improvement after surgery. However, less than 50% of dogs became clinically sound on the operated leg and 9.0 to 14.3% of dogs remained persistently lame on the operated leg. No statistical association was found between result after surgery and age, body weight, sex, duration of injury before surgery, association with injury, tibial plateau angle, degree of radiographic osteoarthritis before surgery or the presence of concurrent medial meniscal injury. On physical examination, extra-capsular techniques appeared superior to the fibular head transposition in terms of joint stability and limb function. Concurrent medial meniscal injury necessitating meniscectomy existed in 48.0% of cases. Twenty-two percent of dogs ruptured their contralateral CCL at an average of 14 months after the first.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / physiology
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries*
  • Dog Diseases / physiopathology
  • Dog Diseases / surgery
  • Dogs / injuries*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Joint Instability / physiopathology
  • Joint Instability / veterinary
  • Ligaments, Articular / injuries
  • Ligaments, Articular / physiology
  • Ligaments, Articular / surgery
  • Male
  • Osteoarthritis / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteoarthritis / physiopathology
  • Osteoarthritis / veterinary
  • Radiography
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rupture / surgery
  • Rupture / veterinary
  • Stifle / physiology
  • Stifle / surgery*