Frequencies of chromosome polymorphism in pairs no. 1, 9, and 13 in three geographical variants of black rats, rattus rattus

Chromosoma. 1977 Apr 20;60(4):391-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00292861.

Abstract

Frequencies of the acrocentric and subtelocentric polymorphism in pairs no. 1, 9 and 13 chromosomes have been examined in 358 black rats. Rattus rattus, distributed over several countries of Asia, Austrailia and United States. The black rats are divided into three geographical types by the different chromosome numbers, such as Asian (2n=42), Ceylon (2n=40) and Oceanian types (2n=38). Pairs no. 13 polymorphism was found widely in these all types, but the pair no. 1 and 9 polymorphisms were found in only Asian type black rats. In the Asian type rats, however, those distributed in northern India and Pakistan showed always the subtelocentric pairs no. 1 and 9 like as those in Ceylon and Oceanien type rats have developed in India or Pakistan from the Asian type. The present study also suggests that inversion of the pair no. 13 could have occurred in earlier period than those of the pairs no. 1 and 9.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosomes
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Japan
  • Karyotyping
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Rats*
  • Species Specificity